About the Philippines – the country, islands, and the philippine people

The Philippines is a state in the Pacific Ocean. The republic of the Philippines has a single of the most significant populations in the earth. The state is an archipelago of a substantial group of islands surrounded by crystal very clear drinking water and lovely and unique coral reefs. Of the seven,107 islands in the Philippines the most significant is Luzon, at a hundred and five square kilometres and just more than fifty % of the islands in the state have names, and only 350 islands are greater than two and a half kilometres square. The tallest mountain range can be uncovered on the island of Luzon the Cordillera Central the leading of the mountain reaches more than 2743 square meters. The tallest mountain peak can be uncovered on the 2nd most significant island in the state Mindanao. Mount Apo rises 2956 meters tall. Like quite a few other mountains in the state Mount Apo is an energetic volcano. Luzon is also the site of the cash of Manila the most significant and most important Philippine city. Manila has a port that stretches close to Manila bay for hundreds of a long time Manila bay has been the country’s heart of transport and trade. The Visayas make up the center component of the Philippine islands. The most significant islands in the Visayas include things like Leyte, Samar, Cebu, Negros, and Panay Mindanao is an Philippine island in the south of the state and the 2nd most significant island in the Philippines the island measures 94,700 square kilometres.Sheraton Cebu Mactan Residences, Punta Engano, Lapu Lapy City, Mactan, Cebu, Philippines. 6015

The islands

The Philippine islands ended up formed by volcanoes and are component of a mountain chain that is typically less than drinking water. The interior of most of the islands have quite a few rugged mountains with dense rain forest and mainly because of the regular rain drop there are quite a few rivers streams and waterfalls that frequently surge down the mountain sides. Due to the fact of the dense mountain rainforest and regular rain drop the Philippines is endowed with stunning sceneries in the islands tropical rainforest majestic waterfalls wonderful caves and rock formations. Sad to say a large amount of the rain forest is disappearing just before the Spanish arrived in the 1500 more than 90 % of the Philippine islands ended up lined in rain forest. To date the state has lost near to a single-3rd of its tropical rainforest. The rain forest has been applied and slice down for its timber and to very clear land for farms and properties.

The shoreline

With more than 7000 islands the state has a coastline line extra than 36,three hundred kilometres in duration. The shorelines and shoreline differs across the state are quite sandy in places these kinds of as Boracay which is popular for its lovely picturesque tropical white sand shorelines. With tropical vegetation and palm trees increasing on these wonderful shorelines. On some island coastline lines are quite rocky in area and in some places you will find gray white sand shorelines and substantial inland rivers that border with mangrove trees and swamps.

The rivers and lakes

Filipinos rely on contemporary drinking water from rivers and lakes to irrigate their crops and private day-to-day dwelling needs these kinds of as drinking and washing. Pasig River is a single of the most significant rivers in the state and flows as a result of the cash of Manila. In the north also on the island of Luzon the longest Philippine river that flows as a result of the Central Cordilleras, the Cagayan River.


Due to the fact the state is sitting on the pacific ring of fireplace indicates the Philippines have a large amount of energetic Volcanoes. One particular of the most popular volcanic eruptions happen in June 1991 in the north of Luzon for quite a few hundreds of a long time Mount Pinatubo lay dormant. When Mount Pinatubo erupted extra than 1000 individuals killed or wounded and remaining hundreds of individuals homeless. The explosion established a big ash cloud that lined extra than a hundred twenty five thousand square kilometres blanketing the region in ash rock and darkness. One particular of the most energetic volcanoes in the Philippines is Mayo, also identified as Mount Mayo this volcano has erupted 48 moments in the previous four hundred a long time. Mount Mayo located on the island of Luzon in the province of Albay. Mayon Volcano proclaimed a nationwide park in the year 2003. The Mayo volcano is a perfectly formed cone that towers 2462 meters above the land. Mayon Very last major eruption was in February 1814, when it ruined three cities and lined one more two with volcanic ash and scorching larva about 1600 individuals died due to this eruption.

The Philippine Men and women

For hundreds of a long time quite a few distinctive forms individuals and nations have been component of the Philippines the end result is a state and individuals with a unique blend of quite a few cultures. About 30,000 BC Stone Age individuals settled in the Tabon caves on the island of Palawan the state was afterwards joined by the Negritos that came across land bridges from Borneo Indonesia, and Sumatra and hundreds of years latter joined by readers from Malaya India china and the center east. Magellan was the 1st European to set foot on the Philippines in 1521 Ferdinand Magellan explored the archipelago Magellan and most of his males ended up killed through the struggle of Mactan on the Island of Cebu. Spain recognized a long term settlement on the island of Cebu in 1565

Relatives faith and education are quite important in Filipino lifestyle.

Temperature dwelling in the city or the state or on an isolated island household, faith and education are quite extremely valued by pretty much each and every a single Filipinos have quite a few optimistic values these kinds of as regard for authority and a superior regard for the dignity of all the individuals.


Most Filipinos hold sturdy religious beliefs they routinely take component in religious ceremonies rejoice holy times with substantial festivals. The Spanish where by quite productive in changing the Filipino to Christianity generating the Philippine the only Christian nation in Asia Roman Catholic make up 85% of the population, five % of the population are Sunni Muslim’s the most significant no Christian group in the state. Most early Filipinos ended up animistic and worshiped ancestral sprits identified as anitos they believed theses sprits lived in the mountains in the Trees Rivers and fields. Numerous Filipinos feel in ghost and witches (Multo) ghost and (mangkukulam) ghost. Roman Catholic belief plays an important component in the everyday lifestyle of most Filipinos.The Philippine individuals worship Christ mom Mary and other holy individuals named saints quite a few Filipinos enhance their properties trics jeepneys boats educational institutions of pictures of Christ and mom Mary.

Nearby islands and china released Islam to the Philippines now there are a number of million Filipinos that stick to the faith of Islam. Some Filipinos practice Taoism which is a religious belief that originated in china the major Taoist temple in the Philippines is in Cebu.

The Filipino household

The Filipino household the simple units of the Philippine social firm which involves the father the mom and youngsters the bilateral prolonged household which incorporates all relatives of the Father and Mom. Of distinctive importance the bond and unity formed by the brothers and sisters. Filipino thinks of their household as a supply of power and protection. It is not strange for unmarried daughters and sons to stay at home with their moms and dads, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins. The household are quite near and if anyone requirements aid many others chip in and do what they can to aid the household member in require. The father-partner is the head of the household and is normally unconditionally obeyed by his spouse and youngsters. The father part and responsibility is to satisfy the financial requirements of the household. The Filipino father is the major supply of willpower in the household and sometimes takes advantage of corporal punishment on the two sons and daughters although corporal punishment applied on youngsters in the Philippines is now gradually receiving applied fewer and fewer due to the Philippine society teaching and imposing new values on increasing youngsters. The youngsters a large amount of Filipino moms pamper their youngsters these has the impact of prolonging the childhood of the youngsters they are not pushed or rushed into adulthood tasks and expectations are held under the kid’s potential this treatment and affection lavished upon the youngsters generates a experience of belonging and protection. As a end result the youngsters will normally lead to parent’s financial assist and psychological assist and protection. The conventional Filipino spouse and mom take treatment of all the aspects to guarantee the household capabilities as a dwelling and loving organised household unit. The mom is in cost of the home and all the aspects pertaining to the youngsters these kinds of as cooking the household food seeing the youngsters are clothed and all set for university the having to pay of income to the maids (ya -ya) and all other domestic costs. Odd as it could feel girls share equal area with gentleman in Philippine society lady participation in qualified work and politics is completely acknowledged this equality can be traced again to historic Malayan custom.


Training Filipino youngsters show up at 6 a long time of elementary university and 4 a long time of superior university. Classes are taught in the Philipino, language tagalog and English the countrys major official languages. Additional than 90% of all elementary show up at governing administration educational institutions. From June right until March Filipino youngsters shell out their times at university courses begin close to 8 in the morning in the cities like Manila and sometimes close to seven am in the rural regions just before courses begin the youngsters salute the flag and recite the pledge of allegiance. The Philippines has a quite superior literacy rate which most individuals in the state can read and produce sad to say due to the superior unemployment rate and the small income paid out to reduced class personnel these kinds of as farmers and labours some youngsters have to drop out of university to work and aid to assist their people and some youngsters show up at educational institutions that do not have adequate university supplies and tools these kinds of as textbooks desks and chairs and pcs.


The Philippine for its languages Filipino English and Spanish there are 87 distinctive major dialects ranging from Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Waray-waray, Kapampagan, and Panasinah. The English languages and the mass education of the English language has been an American contribution to the Filipino lifestyle. English was released so distinctive individuals dwelling in distinctive pieces of the Philippines could fully grasp a single one more. The American declared English the state official language through the time they dominated the Philippines. In 1937 the Philippine governing administration decided to change English with a language named Filipino also identified as Tagalog the most extensively spoken Philippine language specifically during some of the major cities. Now Filipino and English are the state official languages. In distinctive pieces of the Philippines some time s you will Filipinos that can speak any where up to 4 languages and some moments extra specifically the individuals who have traveled and lived in distinctive pieces of the state. For example theses Filipinos can speak the language from the region they grew up in and lived in as a kid they also can speak English and Tagalog and sometimes one more language that is native to where by they stay as an adult or learnt as a kid. For example English, Tagalog, Cebuano, Waray-Waray could be 4 languages a one Filipino can speak.

The individuals conventional dwelling

50 percent of the Philippine population stay in the state around mountains forest on compact islands or on the plains there are quite a few forms of conventional properties Bahay kubo is a conventional rural home some time referred to as a nipa hut.The walls and floors are created from bamboo and palms leaves the woven palm leaves are overlapped and drained down to timber or bamboo to type the roof. Other individuals in the state side stay in wooden home and other low cost timber with iron and galvanised roofs.The extra wealthy state Filipino stay in a more substantial extravagant modern home and homes are created from cement bricks and cement.On a large amount of Compact Island and state regions the home has a single major space with a couple parts of furniture and mats on the floor where by the household sleeps.The kitchen is normally in one more space with a wood burning stove and sometimes a compact gasoline stove dependent on how isolated the household is from the closest city. In the more substantial state cities quite a few of the native homes have electrical power and some of them even have indoor plumbing but theses conveniences are scarce in compact villages although now extra and extra Compact Islands and villages are obtaining electrical power but there is even now a large amount of villages that do not. The Philippine individuals that stay in an region that does not have electrical power or indoor plumbing obtain drinking water from a local community nicely and melt away kerosene lamps for lights in the evening

The people’s transportation

The 1st individuals who migrated to the Philippine islands applied barangays (boats). Now day’s inter island ships and ferries have been the best indicates of transportation of fantastic and goods from island to one more individuals also rely on these ships as ferries mainly because the cost of a aircraft ticket are quite expensive for the low cash flow people. Banca a slender wooden boat with an out boat motor connected to the again. The boat has wooden and bamboo frames extending from the two sides of the boats that perform like platoons stopping the boat from tipping more than or capsizing. Early Filipinos applied these compact boats to trade and get supplies from neighboring islands.The more substantial banca boats are generally applied as individuals ferries and substantial professional fishing boats.The lesser banca boats are applied for lesser journeys in calmer drinking water. A conventional type of transportation is the pedicabs a tricycle with a side cart this type of transportation are even now well-known in some state cities and provinces specifically on the island of Leyte and Samar.

The Philippine jeepney

A Philippine icon king of the road proof of Philippine innovation the jeepney is a compact bus created from jeeps remaining guiding by the US military. The jeeps where by transformed in to busses painted in lively glowing flamboyant colors and patterns and embellished with mirrors multi-coloured lights and religious icons. The jeepney lesser brother the stainless metal jeep was created and created for realistic good reasons fisherman complained that seawater and the setting was corroding their jeepneys. So in 1971 Tomas Araga invented and created the 1st jeep the jeep necessitates fewer upkeep mainly because it is difficult and does not rust. The jeep is an ideal Philippine vehicle mainly because they are adapted to the unique Philippine climate specifically from the severe salt air and the unpredictable weather.